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What is a Personal Statement?

Some of the following material refer to competitive national scholarship application essays, and others to transfer application essays.  Adjust the guidelines to match the type of work you are doing. The following information is taken from the University of Maryland National Scholarships Office website as well as from the Cornell and Willamette scholarship websites.


Getting to the Heart of Your Scholarship Application​


The personal statement or autobiographical essay is a critical component of your application, and it is, in fact, the most difficult part to write.  At first students don't believe this.  Several weeks later, they sit shamefacedly looking at the few tepid sentences they have managed to compose about themselves, and say: "I had no idea!"

Your biggest obstacle to writing an effective personal statement is the way you think.  So what matters is not just what you think, but how you think.


When you write an essay for class, you sift through scholarly publications, journal articles and statistics; you arrange, collate, and analyze.  You construct an argument with objective, verifiable data.  On the other hand, the personal statement comes from inside you, passionate and gutsy.  Its composition is organic, a natural growth dictated by an obscure, internal logic.  You don't make it up; instead, you listen.  You get real.

What is a Personal Statement?

Because personal statements are personal, there is no one type or style of writing that is set out as a model.  That can be liberating; it can also be maddening.  But while every personal statement is unique in style, its purpose is the same.

A personal statement is your introduction to a selection committee. I t determines whether you are invited to interview; and if selected as a finalist, interview questions will be based on this material.  It is the heart of your application.

A personal statement is:​


•      A picture.
Your personal essay should produce a picture of you as a person, a student, a potential scholarship winner, and (looking into the future) a former scholarship recipient.

•      An invitation.
The reader must be invited to get to know you, personally.  Bridge the assumed distance of strangers.  Make your reader welcome.

•      An indication of your priorities and judgment.
What you choose to say in your statement tells the committee what your priorities are.  What you say and how you say it are crucial.

•      A story, or more precisely, your story.
Everyone has a story to tell, but we are not all natural storytellers.  If you are like most people, your life lacks inherent drama.  This is when serious self-reflection, conversation with friends, family, and mentors, and permission to be creative come in handy.

A personal statement is NOT:​

X     an academic paper with you as the subject.
The papers you write for class are typically designed to interpret data, reflect research, analyze events or readings--all at some distance. We are taught to eliminate the "I" from our academic writing.  In a personal statement your goal is to close the distance between you and the reader.  You must engage on a different, more personal level than you have been trained to in college.

X      a resume in narrative form.
An essay that reads like a resume of accomplishments and goals tells the reader nothing that they could not glean from the rest of the application.  It reveals little about the candidate, and is a wasted opportunity.

X      a journal entry.
While you may well draw on experiences or observations captured in your personal journal, your essay should not read like a diary. Share what is relevant, using these experiences to give a helpful context for your story.  And include only what you are comfortable sharing--be prepared to discuss at an interview what you include.

X      a plea or justification for the scholarship.
This is not an invitation to "make your case."  Defending an assertion that you are more deserving of the scholarship than other candidates is a wasted effort--you've likely just accomplished the opposite.

X      your chance to second-guess the selection committee. 

Most importantly, a personal statement is authentic.  So don't make the mistake of trying to guess what the committee is looking for, and don't write what you think they want to hear.  They want to know you.

So, what must you include in the personal statement?  An effective personal statement will answer the following questions:

•      Who am I?
•      Who do I want to be?
•      What kind of contribution do I want to make, and how?
•      Why does it make sense for me to study at Brand-Name University? (Talk about specific resources or programs

of study. 

There is no need to flatter or state the obvious (e.g.: "I would love to attend Columbia because it is a top-ranked Ivy League college"); the colleges and committees know that already.

Remember the goal: grab the readers' interest.  Get a sense of the experiences and dreams you wish to share, then examine them for a helpful means of making sense of it all.  You will find your story; and if you share it honestly, you will have written a personal statement.

Finally, know that writing a personal essay is hard and will take many drafts and much reflection.  Don't wait until you have it right to share it with others; their input will likely make it stronger, clearer, and tighter.  Don't put it off until you have it right . . . just write!



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